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Marine reptiles

Marine reptile - Tylosaurus

Tylosaurus (from Ancient Greek "tylos", meaning knob, and "saursos", meaning lizard) was a large marine predator that lived in the Late Cretaceous period, some 85 - 80 million years ago. The prefix "tylos" is a Greek term denoting a "projection" or "protrusion".

Thus, the name can be translated as a "lizard with protrusion". At the time of its naming by the scientists, it was believed that the Tylosaurus had a very prominent cartilaginous ridge on its skull. There is no scientific evidence that it actually possessed such a "knob", but it was still named accordingly.

Tylosaurus was the deadliest inhabitant of the ancient seas, ready to seize and kill just about any smaller creature that crossed its path - with true jaws of death, lined on both sides with two rows of pointy, cone-shaped teeth. And, when the sea-monster yawned wide for its final gulp, two extra rows of teeth on the roof of its mouth allowed crippled captives no escape. Its prey was swallowed whole.

Tylosaurus grew to more than 14 m in length, making it one of the largest marine reptiles. Its very long and muscular, vertically flattened tail powered Tylosaurus through the water, enabling it to ambush its prey with rapid bursts of acceleration, and its
paddle-like limbs provided an ideal steering gear for its slim scaly body.

 

Autor: admin

Tylosaurus, aquatic reptile, Cretaceous, carnivore Tylosaurus,aquatic_reptile,Cretaceous,carnivore-00.jpgTylosaurus,aquatic_reptile,Cretaceous,carnivore-01.jpg