Tyrannosaurus rex - the largest predator among dinosaurs

Tyrannosaurus rex ("tyrant lizard", from the Ancient Greek "tyrannos" meaning "tyrant" and "sauros" meaning "lizard" + "rex" meaning "king" in Latin, to reflect its dominant role in the world of dinosaurs) is one of the largest known land predators. It existed in the Upper Cretaceous Period, about 68 - 66 million years ago, in what is today North America.

Tyrannosaurus rex was a bipedal carnivore, measuring up to 12 m in length, 4 m in height at the hips, and 7 tons in weight. It had a huge skull full of razor-sharp teeth up to 30 cm long. Its massive head was balanced by a long, heavy tail. Relative to its large and powerful hind limbs, its forelimbs were short but unusually strong for their size, with two clawed digits each.

Tyrannosaurus rex was able to move quickly and easily on its hind legs. In addition, its sight was also very sharp, and it had a highly developed sense of smell, which made it easy for this prehistoric monster to locate its prey with great precision.

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