Flying reptiles

Nyctosaurus - Flying Reptile

The name of this flying reptile, translated from Ancient Greek, means "night lizard".

lived in the Late Cretaceous Period, some 85-84 million years ago, in coastal regions of what is now North and South America. Its fossil remains have been discovered in a geological formation of the mid-western United States, which, during the said period was covered in an extensive shallow sea.

Nyctosaurus was similar in anatomy to its close relative Pteranodon. It had relatively long wings, similar in shape to modern sea birds. However, it was smaller overall than Pteranodon, with an adult wingspan of 2 m, and a maximum weight of about 1.86 kg.

Its overall body length was 37 cm.
Nyctosaurus had a distinctive extra-large antler-like cranial crest, gigantic compared to the rest of its body, and over three times the length of the head. The crest was composed of two long, grooved spars, one pointing upward and the other backward, projecting from the back of the skull. The spars were nearly as long or longer than the total length of the body, and the extremely pointed jaws were long and needle-sharp, like two connected pins.

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